The Post-Covid Recovery Deal: Not A “Hamilton Moment” But Still A Turning Point In EU History

By Grégoire Roos

In this paper we discuss:

  1. The main features of the EU's Recovery and Resilience Facility (RRF(;
  2. What the implications of the deal were for the EU budget;
  3. The persistence of the North-South rift;
  4. The challenge of the RRF's ratification process; and
  5. The implications at national level in France, Italy and Spain.

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Download PDF: EU Update on RRF - August 2020

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